Goldfish are some pretty common fish for people to have at home, either in a bowl, an aquarium, or in an outdoor pond. There is no doubt about the fact that these fish are really good looking, they are fun to watch, and usually not too difficult to take care of either.
There have been people asking us how many species of goldfish there are, which is what we are here to talk about today and cover in lots of detail.
So, How Many Species Of Goldfish Are There?
The fact of the matter is that there are actually hundreds of different goldfish species out there. Most would say that there are 15 real species of goldfish, with the rest falling into one of those 15 categories. Some are more well-known than others and some are more popular. Let’s go over the most popular types of goldfish right now!
This type of goldfish is the common one which you will find in most homes. It is related to many species of karp, koi, and other goldfish breeds. This species has been in home aquariums for over a thousand years and has become a common family pet.
This is a very hardy breed of goldfish that can survive in varying conditions. It is a fairly easy to take care of fish, which makes it a good choice for beginners (if you are just starting out, then you might find our care guide helpful). The common goldfish can live for over 5 years and grow to 12 inches in length, however, they usually grow to around 4 inches in home aquariums.
Unlike common knowledge would imply, these guys need to be kept in real aquariums with filters, not just small bowls. They like slow moving and stagnant water in the temperature range between 68 and 72 degrees. A good filter is pretty much all the common goldfish needs to be healthy.
If you need some feeding help, then this post will help you out.
The comet goldfish is another common species. It is often mistaken for the common goldfish due to its very similar appearance. However, you can tell them apart because the comet goldfish has a slender and elongated body when compared to the common goldfish.
The comet goldfish also tends to be more metallic in color. Their fins also tend to be more pointed than on the common goldfish, plus they tend to be much larger than the fins of the common goldfish.
Other than that, they are more or less the same, with the exception that comet goldfish don’t grow quite as large as the common goldfish.
If you need some Goldfish tank mate suggestions then checkout this article.
This type of goldfish can be distinguished by its coloration, which consists of 25% blue and white, with some orange, and black spots as well. The Shubunkin goldfish resembles the comet and the common goldfish in terms of its body shape, with smaller fins than the comet goldfish.
The coloration of the shubunkin goldfish resembles a fancy goldfish more so than a common goldfish. There are actually two types of Shubunkin goldfish, these being the London and the Bristol.
Shubunkins are very hardy and easy to take care of, which is why many beginners choose them. They are ideal for indoor aquariums and outdoor ponds alike. They do not grow to an exceedingly large size.
The Wakin goldfish is actually the most common variety found in Asia, especially in Japan. They are like the common goldfish of Japan. They pretty much look like a comet goldfish with a short double caudal tailfin. The wakin goldfish grows to around 12 inches or 30 cm in length, so you will need a fairly large aquarium for these guys.
Most people who have wakin goldfish tend to keep them in outdoor ponds due to their size. They are also very hardy fish that don’t need too much care or attention, which is why they make good choices for outdoor ponds.
These guys are fast swimming and they are fairly aggressive too, so keeping them with smaller, slow swimming, and docile fish is not the best idea. The wakin goldfish is generally 50% red and 50% white.
If you need some pond plant suggestions then this article will help you.
Japanese Ryukin Goldfish
This fish, as the name implies, is from the Japanese island of Ryukyu and is bred almost exclusively in Japan. The defining feature of the Ryukin goldfish is that they have a large hump near the back of their head which causes the dorsal fin to protrude upwards more than on other goldfish.
The caudal fins are often fairly long and have several lobes, forming what is called a cherry blossom tail. There are actually a few different sub-species of this goldfish including the yamagata kingyo, sabao, and tamasaba ryukin goldfish.
The Ryukin goldfish can be solid in color, have two colors, or come in multiple colors too. This is a hardy goldfish that is great for loq maintenance aquariums and for outdoor ponds too.
Fancy Fantail Goldfish
These are some pretty neat goldfish no doubt, with their defining feature being the fantail. In fact, this tail should comprise over 3/5 of the total length of the fancy fantail goldfish. The fancy fantail goldfish has one single fin, which is the dorsal fin, with all other fins coming in pairs.
The ends of the fins, especially the tail fin, are rounded and thus form the appearance of fan blades. These guys can come in single colors, two colors, or a combination of many different colors too.
Unlike one would assume, the fancy fantail goldfish is not actually that hard to care for. It is fairly hardy and can survive in many different conditions.
This is a very unique type of goldfish, one that usually always comes in a light orange and yellowish coloration. If you are looking for a true goldfish, in terms of a golden color, this is about as close as you will get to that real gold color.
These guys are fairly difficult to breed and even harder to care for, but they are bred for their really nice look. Their defining feature is the long and flowing tail that looks like the veil on a wedding gown, hence their name.
This type of goldfish is a really neat one indeed. Its defining feature is the fact that it has massive bulging eyes, which is why it is called a telescope goldfish, or also often referred to as a globe eyed goldfish. This is a type of fancy goldfish.
They have a deep, short, and rounded body, much like a cross between a Ryukin and a veiltail goldfish. They have a very straight, sturdy, and upright dorsal fin that barely moves even when the telescope goldfish swims. These guys come in a wide variety of colors ranging from single colors, dual colors, and a mix of many colors at once.
What is funny is that the telescope goldfish actually has pretty bad vision, so they should be kept indoors with fish that will not outcompete them for food.
Black Moor Goldfish
As the name implies, this type of goldfish is more or less black in color. It does sometimes have shades of brown and silver contained in the black, but they are mostly black.
The black moor goldfish looks a lot like a veiltail goldfish, but with the protruding eyes found on the telescope goldfish. If you need more information on how big these ones get then this post has more information.
At the end of the day, we have not covered nearly all of the different species of goldfish, but these are some of the most popular and common options available on the market today.