Disease can ravage a fish tank and its population, and in a very short period of time at that. We are not here to talk about the different diseases though. We are also here today assuming that you have already cured your fish of their diseases. However, what we are here to talk about today is how to clean a fish tank after disease.
You see, if you do not do an excellent job at cleaning the tank after any kind of disease, it might just come back to finish off your fish. Whether viral, bacterial, or fungal, you need to take the proper steps after the disease is gone in order to ensure that the fish do not get sick all over again. Let’s talk about how to clean a fish tank after disease right now.
Steps To Take To Clean A Fish Tank After Disease
To make things as easy on you as humanly possible, we are going to go through a simple step by step process on how you need to clean your fish tank after disease. Let’s get right to it!
Step 1: Remove Fish
Remove all of the fish from the tank and put them in a temporary quarantine tank. It’s not really a quarantine tank as much as it is a place to put the fish while you clean the tank.
Step 2: Remove Everything Else (Inc Substrate)
Remove everything that can be removed from the tank. This means taking out plants, decorations, rocks, caves, driftwood, and anything else of the sort. You will also want to remove filters, lights, pumps, and all of that other fun stuff too.
Once you have removed everything you should be left with substrate in the tank, some people say that vacuuming the substrate is enough, but in our opinion it is not. Bacteria and other infectious agents can linger in sand and gravel, so the best bet is simply to replace it all together.
At any rate, remove the substrate and throw it in the trash. You can use a cleansing solution for the substrate if you like, but in our opinion it is better to just change it altogether.
Step 3: Use A Cleaning Solution
Now mix a cleaning solution that is roughly 10 parts water and 1 parts bleach. You want to take an algae scrubbing pad, use this solution, and clean the interior and exterior glass walls of the aquarium.
Make sure to properly rinse the aquarium out after doing so because your fish definitely will not appreciate fish being present. The bleach helps to kill viruses and bacteria, but you do need to make sure that your wash out all remnants of the bleach once you are done cleaning.
Step 4: Clean Your Filter
Take your filter and clean it. Now, if the disease was really bad, you might actually want to replace the media. Yes, this does mean getting rid of all mechanical, biological, and chemical media. One problem you will face here is that you will remove all beneficial bacteria from the water, bacteria that is needed for your fish to stay alive.
However, after disease, you should be replacing all of the water anyway, which means that you will have to cycle the tank either way. At any rate, you want to use the bleach solution to clean as many filter components as you can, once again remembering to flush it all out thoroughly to get rid of any remaining bleach.
Step 5: External Lights, Plants, Decorations and Rocks
Wipe down any external lights and other such things with the same bleach solution. Just be careful that you do not damage any of the electrical components when doing so.
Rinse off and scrub down all plants, decorations, rocks, and other things in the tank with this same bleach solution. Once again, be careful to rinse everything thoroughly because you definitely do not want any bleach in the tank once you put your fish back in it.
Step 5: Put Everything Back In The Tank
Once you are satisfied that all of the components that could have even maybe come into contact with disease are clean and disease free, you can start putting everything back into the tank.
On the topic of cycling, since you have changed the substrate, the water, and the filter media, you will need to go through the nitrogen cycle before putting the fish into the tank. If you do not want to spend weeks doing the cycling, you can always buy the beneficial bacteria in a bottle and add it to the water for instant cycling.
You might want to add some kind of fish medicine into the water in order to prevent the disease from coming back. As long as you know what kind of disease your fish had, using the treatment after the disease is gone as a preventative measure will help get rid of any remaining remnants of the disease and prevent it from coming back.
Preventing Disease From Coming Back
There are a few things that you can do once you have cleaned the tank after disease to prevent your fish from getting sick again. Follow these tips in order to engage in maximal preventative measures.
- Never add new fish straight into an existing tank habitat. You always want to quarantine new fish to ensure that they show no signs of disease. If they do show signs of disease, make sure to get rid of the disease before adding the fish into the tank. If the fish shows no signs of disease after 2 or 3 weeks, you can add it into the tank.
- Try to feed your fish only good fish food. Your fish need the proper nutrients in order to have a strong immune system in order to fend off disease. At the same time, make sure that any live foods come from good places. If the live foods are infected with disease, chances are that they will be passed on to your fish.
- Make sure that you provide a suitable habitat for your fish. A well-functioning filter can go a really long way in removing disease from an aquarium. At the same time, cleaner water means that your fish will be healthier and have a stronger immune system, thus enabling them to fight off disease with maximum efficiency.
- Always make sure to clean filters, do regular water changes, and clean the tank at least once per week. Like we said, cleaning the tank and removing threats from the tank before they manifest in disease is always good.
- Never transfer things from one tank to another. This goes as far as the nets you use for the tanks. This can easily cause disease to spread from one tank to another.
The bottom line is that you need to take every precaution possible in order to prevent diseases from coming back to wreak a second round of havoc on your fish. It is up to you to keep your fish healthy, safe, and disease free.