Although fish tanks are really cool, unfortunately, they are not bullet proof and they are certainly not indestructible. What we are getting at here is that fish tanks can and do spring leaks. Here we are not talking about a crack in the tank, as that is a whole different issue, but about the sealant.
Sometimes the sealant on fish tanks, that layer of black stuff in the corners, it can go bad, it breaks, wears down, and starts to let water through. We’re here today to help you fix your leaky fish tank.
Spotting The Leak In Your Fish Tank
If you do not already know where exactly the leak is, you are going to have to find the exact location of it first. Check the water level first. If there is a leak, the water level will go down past the leak, but no further.
This way you will know that the leak is somewhere right above where the water level remains constant. If this does not help you locate the leak, you will need to inspect the tank a little bit.
Try to find if there are any disconnected parts or obvious breaks in the silicone sealant. Finally, you can wrap some paper towel around the tank and wherever it gets wet is where the leak is
How To Fix A Leaking Fish Tank – Step By Step
We want to make things as simple as possible for you, so let’s go over how to fix a leaking fish tank in a step by step manner. Now, this is going to take some work and you are going to need to buy a few materials, but it’s really not that hard, so let’s get right to it.
Step 1 – Prepare The Tank
The first thing that you need to do is to prepare the tank so you can actually fix it. The given here is that you already know where the leak is of course. Either way, you need to drain out enough water so that the leaky area is exposed and no longer submerged. You can use a bucket or cup to remove enough of the water.
If the leak is really low down in the tank, you might have to empty out all of the water and put the fish and plants in a holding tank until the fix has been completed. You will need to plan because the sealant that you use to fix the leak will need to dry and cure, so your fish might have to stay in a holding tank for a few hours or even a couple of days. Make sure to prepare for this scenario.
Step 2 – Removing The Old Sealant
The sealant is the problem here, so to fix the leak, you are going to have to scrape away the old sealant. The best thing to use to scrape away the old sealant is a razor blade scraper. It’s the best thing to use so that you won’t scratch the tank, but will also be able to remove the old sealant with relative ease.
The scraper is also the best choice because you want to remove the sealant on the inside corner, but you do not want to remove the sealant that is actually connecting the two glass panes. Make sure that you do not remove the sealant between the glass or else you will more or less wreck the whole tank.
Keep in mind that new and old sealant or silicone does not bond well with each other. If this is a concern of yours, you are best off just removing all old sealant inside of the tank. Be sure not to drop any of the old sealant in the tank as you won’t be doing yourself or your fish any favors.
Step 3 - Clean The Area To Be Sealed
You need to clean the area that you are going to seal. New silicone won’t stick well if the area is dirty. If you don’t clean the area well, you are likely to end up with another leak sooner than later.
Use some acetone and a damp cloth to clean the old silicone away, the residue that is. Clean away all residue and dirt until the area is squeaky clean.
Step 4 – Seal The Leak
Now it is time to actually seal the leak. The most important thing to remember here is that you absolutely need to buy 100% non-toxic silicone. Make sure the sealant is 100% silicone and 100% nontoxic, plus it should not have any fungicides in it.
If you forget and you buy silicone that is not meant for this kind of thing, you will poison the water and your fish. Use a caulking gun to run a bead of silicone along the area which leaks.
Use a damp finger or a caulking tool to smooth the bead of silicone out. You don’t want it sticking out too far. If it sticks out too far, not only will it look bad, but fish might be tempted to nibble on it.
If you are thinking of attempting to repair the leak from the outside of the tank, just don’t. This kind of thing is always much more effective when done from the interior.
Step 5 – Letting The Sealant Dry
You need to let the sealant dry and cure. If you add water back into the tank before it has cured, it will become soft, it will peel, leak, and the whole process will have been for nothing.
Silicone requires 24 hours to dry at the very least, but to be safe, you should give it 48 hours to cure totally. You can use a heat lamp to make it dry faster and cure better, but beware, do not heat the silicone to over 110 degrees. It will melt or just degrade at the very least.
Step 6 – Check For Leaks
Time to fill the tank back up. Just fill it up to a little bit past where the leak was. Keep in mind that water pressure and the weight of the water is a factor here. So, wait for about an hour after filling the tank past the leak, then fill it up a little more, then wait for another hour.
If you still don’t see any leaks, fill it up all the way and wait for a little longer. If you are not sure whether or not there is a leak, place some dry paper towel along the outside of the tank where the leak used to be. This will make it easier to spot.
Now, if there is still a leak, you will unfortunately have to start this whole process over again. However, most people would probably just give up and buy a new tank, which is definitely an option.
It’s probably a good idea to keep some buckets and towels nearby in case there is still a leak in the tank. If there is no leak, you are free to set the tank back up and put your fish back inside of it.
The last thing that we want to say here is that you need to know what leaks can be fixed and which ones can’t. Those leaks that occur in corners and are due to sealant that is bad can be fixed. However, if the tank itself is cracked, such as a side or bottom pane, you are out of luck.
You will need to get a professional to replace the whole pan, which in many cases will end up costing more than just buying a new tank. If the glass is cracked, water pressure will only make the crack bigger, which is often still the case even when the original crack is fixed.