Plecos are tropical freshwater fish that come from the Amazon River and other connecting rivers. They can grow anywhere from 12 to 24 inches long and can live for quite a few years. One of the problems that many people have with Plecos is that it can be really hard to determine their sex.
So, how to tell if a Pleco is male or female is what we are here to talk about right now. There are several ways to determine the sex so we have split the article up to cover size, body shape, bristles and behaviour;
So, How To Tell If A Pleco Is Male Or Female?
Here are the main 4 ways to determine the sex;
Like with many creatures out there, the size is often different between males and females. In the case of Plecos, females tend to be quite a bit larger than their male counterparts. However, this can be problematic if the fish you have are of different ages, especially if you do not know how old they are.
The point here is that a 6 month old female will be smaller than a 2 year old male Pleco. However, if both the males and females are the same age, you can use their size to determine if the Plecos are males or females.
2. Body Shape
Just like with the size of the Pleco, the body shape of an individual fish can reveal whether it is a male or female. What tends to be the case is that females are much rounder than males.
They have much wider bodies than male Plecos, which tend to be a little skinner and more elongated. If you have a Pleco with a big belly, it could be because it is getting close to breeding season. Either way, the females tend to be a little fatter than the males.
Plecos usually grow these odd looking bristles, as many catfish do. These bristles usually grow out of the pectoral fins, along the edge of the head, and along the mouth. Some species of Plecos feature both males and females with these bristles, ones such as bushy nosed or bristle nose Plecos.
In this case, the males will have larger and more pronounced bristles. For species of Plecos where only males grow these bristles, well, only the males grow them, so that is fairly self-explanatory.
Males Plecos tend to be more aggressive than females. If you have some time, watch their behavior. The aggressive ones are usually the males. However, this is only the case for certain types such as royal Plecos. However, other types like common Plecos and dwarf Plecos are very relaxed, rendering this sexing method fairly ineffective.
We have also covered a detailed Pleco care guide which you can find here.
In all reality, unless you are breeding, knowing whether you have males or females is more or less irrelevant. However, if you need to know if your Pleco is a male or female for whatever reason, the above methods are the most reliable ones to tell for yourself.